Servlet Implementation


The first post covered the first two parts of this series, the basics of what a servlet is and three "flavors" of servlet classes. This post begins with how to implement a servlet so that they're actually accessable via an end point.


A factory is, in OOP, an object for creating other objects. In order for these servlets to be "registered" with the application to be end point accessible, they need to be provided by a ServletFactory; specifically, one that implements This will register an end point via a pair of Maps which match, via a key, the package.class name to the end point name. This makes the servlet accessible via <your NSF>/xsp/<end-point-name>.

A Note on IServletFactory

In one of the more counterintuitive things I've run into since starting Domino/XPages development, the IServletFactory package is fully there on the server and usable, but the lwpd.domino.adapter.jar needs to be added as an external JAR to the build path in Designer. Sven Hasselbach has done an excellent job of showing how to do this in his blog post on the subject. Sven's blog is a great read with some very applicable posts on REST security, including CORS topics and more; I highly recommend reading his blog, if you don't already.

Marrying the ServletFactory to the Application

Marriage, The Short, Short Version

Your ServletFactory needs one last step to be registered as usable by your application. Here's the short, short version.

After adding your "external JAR" to your build path, you need to create a file called Create that file in <NSF>/Code/Java/META-INF/services/; it's easiest if you switch to Package Explorer first. In this file, place the fully qualified package.Class name of your ServletFactory. Once your application builds, you're good to go with your keyed servlet names from your ServletFactory.

The Less-Short Version

The file we'll created needs to be in the project bulid path. In Domino 9 (and late 8.5.3 versions, anything in which there came a Code/Java and Code/JARs design section in the Application perspective), we should focus on the Code/Java section. For older versions, the classic location tends to be WebContent/src; the bottom line is: it must be a part of your build path. To create the file, it's best to switch views to Package Explorer.

You'll need to right-click on your Code/Java folder and select New, followed by Other. Select folder and create one called `META-INF/services/ (it'll nest the second one).

creating a folder/file resource in Package Explorer

create a folder in Package Explorer

Then do the same, selecting file, and call it In this file, we put a single line for the class which will do the assigning of end points to servlet Classes.


Registering Your Servlet Classes

Now that we finally have our adapter.servletFactory file pointing at our ServletFactory Class, we can start adding them into the ServletFactory. Here's one I prepared earlier.

package com.hello.factory;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Map;
import javax.servlet.Servlet;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
* The factory (a provider) implements IServletFactory and creates
* two maps, for key to package.class and key to servletname matching.
public class ServletFactory implements IServletFactory {
private static final Map<String, String> servletClasses = new HashMap<String, String>();
private static final Map<String, String> servletNames = new HashMap<String, String>();
private ComponentModule module;
* init adds the classes and servlet names, mapping to the same key.
public void init(ComponentModule module) {
servletClasses.put("exhttpservlet", "com.hello.servlets.ExampleHttpServlet");
servletNames.put("exhttpservlet", "Example HttpServlet");
servletClasses.put("exdesignerfacesservlet", "com.hello.servlets.ExampleDesignerFacesServlet");
servletNames.put("exdesignerfacesservlet", "Example DesignerFaces Servlet");
servletClasses.put("exabstractservlet", "com.hello.servlets.ExampleAbstractedServlet");
servletNames.put("exabstractservlet", "Example AbstractXSP Servlet");
this.module = module;
* The ServletMatch matches the path to the correctly identified servlet;
* by the routed key.
public ServletMatch getServletMatch(String contextPath, String path)
throws ServletException {
try {
String servletPath = "";
// iterate the servletNames map
Iterator<Map.Entry<String, String>> it = servletNames.entrySet().iterator();
while (it.hasNext()) {
Map.Entry<String, String> pairs =;
if (path.contains("/" + pairs.getKey())) {
String pathInfo = path;
return new ServletMatch(getWidgetServlet(pairs.getKey()),
servletPath, pathInfo);
} catch (Exception e) {
return null;
public Servlet getWidgetServlet(String key) throws ServletException {
return module.createServlet(servletClasses.get(key), servletNames
.get(key), null);
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Aside from a bit of voodoo, this should show how we can map our end point names to the class names and proper names, respectively. As you can see, I mapped each of my example servlets (HttpServlet, DesignerFacesServlet, and AbstractXSPServlet) from the last post into respective endpoint names/keys. The table below shows the resulting mapping of the endpoint (after the server/path/NSF/).

Servlet Endpoint Servlet Class Name
/xsp/exhttpservlet com.hello.servlets.ExampleHttpServlet Example HttpServlet
/xsp/exdesignerfacesservlet com.hello.servlets.ExampleDesignerFacesServlet Example DesignerFacesServlet
/xsp/exabstractservlet com.hello.servlets.ExampleAbstractedServlet Example AbstractXSPServlet


Now we have a servlet and it's fully registered with the application and accessible via an HTTP endpoint. The next post will get into what we do with these servlets.